Science College- Chemistry Dpt

This degree is offered by (  Al-Muthanna University) at the college of (Science). The typical length of study is four years. During these years, the students have to complete the following courses:

  1. Professional safety - First Semester
  • The purpose of the existence of programs for Occupational Safety and Health
  • Evaluation of risks and design appropriate interventions for the risks
  • The responsibility of the employers, the of responsibility workers
  • The required steps for evaluating risks
  • Types of possible hazards in general industry and methods of prevention
  • Electricity risks, prevention of electrical accidents
  • Fire and how to combat them, the reasons of fires
  • Types of fires, fire-fighting ways
  • Devices and equipment of the fire extinguishing, how to use fire extinguishers
  • Safety and security requirements that must be met when preparing the plan for the prevention of fire
  • Acoustic power protection program
  • The risk of hand tools
  • Some of the prevention methods from the possible risks of machinery and equipment
  • Prevention of personal safety, protective clothing tasks
  • Prevention of low temperatures
  1. Human rights (First semester )
  • The concept of human rights , human rights in ancient civilizations and heavenly laws
  • human rights in medieval and modern
  • human rights in thought and revolutions of modern legislation
  • Contemporary international recognition of human rights
  • Contemporary regional recognition of human rights 
  • international and regional recognition of human rights
  • Exam the first month
  • the emergence of nongovernmental organizations and their role in the fields of human rights
  • human rights in the international and regional conventions
  • human rights into national legislation
  • Constitutional guarantees of human rights at the national level
  • Judicial guarantees of human rights at the national level
  • the role of the united nations
  • the role of regional organizations
  • Exam the second month
  1. Computer (First semester)
  • Computer parts, Programs
  • Laptop + quiz
  • memories+ quiz
  • The operating systems + quiz
  • Windows system+ quiz
  • Compering between the operating system+ quiz
  • Icons , files and folders+ quiz
  • The control panel
  • Help and some of fames cases
  1. Computer (First semester)

Course Description (Introduction- user- preparing  slides - move items in slides – save files in many Formats  - the preparation of a multi-project – preparing presentations - Preparing Album)

  • Identify of the program's interface and the basic ingredients
  • Explain and apply the commands on the File tab+ quiz
  • Explain and apply the commands on the Home tab+ quiz
  • Explain and apply the commands on the Insert tab+ quiz
  • Review past lectures
  • Exercises
  • Explain and apply the commands on the Design tab+ quiz
  • Explain and apply the commands on the Transitions tab + quiz
  • Explain and apply the commands on the Animations tab + quiz
  • A review of the lectures for the examination of the second month
  • Explain and apply the commands on the View tab
  • Reviewing all lectures
  • Exercises
  1. Analytical  Chemistry III 
  • General Introduction about gravimetric analysis
  • Properties of Precipitates
  • Fundamental of gravimetric analysis
  • Calculations in precipitation Gravimetric analysis
  • Gravimetric precipitation methods
  • Basic Rules for Precipitation
  • Type of Precipitation factors
  • Formation and Properties of Precipitates
  • Solubility of Precipitates The
  • The effecting factors on the Solubility of Precipitations
  • Size and purity of precipitates
  • Mechanism of Precipitates
  • Precipitation from Homogenous Solutions
  • Pollution of precipitates
  • Organic reagents
  1. Analytical Chemistry III  ( Experiment Assignments)
  • Identify tools used in gravimetric Analysis
  • Determination of water of crystallization in Barium Chloride
  • Determine of Elements by Volatilization Methods
  • Determine lead Pb as lead Chromate PbCrO4
  • Determine Silver as silver chloride
  • Determine Iron as Ferric oxide
  • Determine Cr as PbCrO4
  • Determine calcium as CaC2O4
  • Determine Nickel by using DMG reagent
  • Determine Barium as barium sulfate
  • Determination Iron and magnesium in mixture
  • Monthly examination practical
  • Determine aluminum as aluminum oxinate
  • Determine Zinc as Zinc ammonium Phosphate
  • Determination of magnesium as Pyrophosphate
  1. Analytical chemistry
  • Introduction to analytical chemistry and classified it
  • Principle concepts of analytical chemistry
  • Solution and classified it
  • How to express the concentration of solute
  • How to express the con
  • centration of solute
  • Chemical equilibrium
  • Ionic Equilibrium
  • pH calculations of solution
  • Buffer solution and Buffer Capacity
  • Solubility
  1. Analytical chemistry ( Experiment Assignments)
  • Safety and security
  • Qualitative analysis
  • Separation of first ions group
  • Unknown test
  • Separation of second ions group
  • Separation of third ions group
  • Separation of fourth ions group
  • Separation of fifth ions group
  • Monthly test
  1. Biochemistry III ( First Semester )

Course Description (General introduction to metabolism, how metabolic pathways are investigated and regulated, biosynthesis and oxidation metabolic pathways are discussed. The mechanisms that control metabolic     pathways    (e.g.  feedback  inhibition,    hormonal    regulation). CHO, proteins and lipids metabolism will be discussed)

  • Introduction of metabolism, glycolysis
  • Fate of pyruvate under aerobic and anaerobic condition
  • Gluconeogensis
  • Pentose phosphate pathway,regulation of glycolysis and gluconeogensis
  • Glycogen synthesis and breackdown,regulation of glycogen metabolism
  • Citric acid cycle,regulation of TCA
  • Oxidation of fatty acids
  • Ketone bodies
  • Fatty acids biosynthesis
  • Biosynthesis of triacylglycerols and cholesterol
  • Proteins metabolism-oxidation of amino acid,
  • Urea cycle,pathways of amino acid degradation
  • Degradation of amino acids to pyruvate
  • Convert of amino acids to glucose or to ketone bodies
  • Biosynthesis of amino acids
  1. Biochemistry III ( Experiment Assignments)
  • Specimen Preparation
  • Estimation of blood glucose
  • Estimation of blood urea
  • Estimation of blood uric acid
  • Estimation of cholesterol
  • estimation of bilirubin
  • Creatine and creatinine test
  • Urine tests
  • Calcium test
  • phosphatases enzyme of serum
  • Saliva analysis
  • Renal function tests
  • Liver function tests
  • Determination of Hb
  • Determination of S.R
  1. Chemical Pollution (First semester)

Course Description (General Introduction to Pollution. Air pollution: air pollutants and its main sources. Water pollution: water pollution and its main sources)

  • General Introduction to Pollution
  • History of international concerns about the problem of pollution, definition of pollution, pollution control law, natural basic components and natural balance, color factor
  • Air pollution : Air pollutant and Source ,dust and its natural and industrial sources ,units of  pollutants measurement .
  • Control of sources of industrial dust pollution
  • Sulfur oxides, sources, interactions, effects-
  • Methods of control of gaseous pollution.
  • Carbon monoxide gas, sources, reactions, effects, pollution control.
  • Nitrogen oxides, sources, reactions, effects, pollution control, nitrogen oxides
  • H2S gas and removal methods Hydrocarbons and oxidants, sources, their effects, methods of controlling pollution.
  • Allergens in the air, pollution of the stratosphere, smoking.
  • Water Pollution :
  • Water pollution and its main sources
  • Water pollution with crude oil and treatment methods
  • Water pollution with washing powders 3-
  • Pollution of water with pesticides
  • Water pollution with heavy metal ( Inorganic compound)
  • Solid waste pollution and disposal methods 6-
  • Salinity water pollution
  1. Industrial chemistryI (First semester)

Course Description (The course included several chapters: Introduction to chemical industries and types of methods used in chemical manufacturing - Reactor types - Chemical corrosion and treatment methods -Water treatment for industrial processes - some  of chemical industries)

  • History of Industrial Chemistry - Classification of Chemical Industries
  • Basic concepts - conversion - Productivity - Efficiency - Economy - Factors affecting capital costs – Production costs
  • Chemical Manufacturing Processes:
  • Type of Processors - Reactors Used
  • Catalytic processes and its reactors
  • Flow curves - Chemical processes - Material balance in chemical manufacturing reactors
  • Physical processes in chemical industries- catalysts in chemical industries
  • Fuel used in industrial processes: Gas fuel - Solid fuel
  • Water treatment for industrial processes:
  • Water Resources - Water Quality.
  • Water treatment methods - Quality control tests
  • Chemical Corrosion methods in industry -Corrosion theories
  • Factors affecting on corrosion-Protection of corrosion
  • Cement industry
  • fertilizer industry
  • Paper industry.
  • Glass industry
  1. Inorganic Chemistry III (First semester)
  • Introduction elements represented by its position in the periodic table - Special characteristics - Ionization energies - the electronic familiarity (general idea)
  • Alhedrugen- existence and attributes - interactions - isotopes of hydrogen -produced in the industry, its uses
  • Hedridat and type - installed Hedridat elements junta
  • Alkaline elements - general characteristics - prepared - its existence .
  • Halides - Alheidredat - sulfates - the similarity between lithium and magnesium
  • Alkaline earth elements - general characteristics - prepared - its existence
  • Halides - Alhaadredat - sulfates - the similarity between beryllium and aluminum
  • Coterie of boron and aluminum - Introduction - preparation and characteristics halides - Oxides
  • carbon and silicon group  and attributes halides carbides – Oxides
  • Nitrogen and phesphors group - Alheidredat - complexes - nitrogen compounds
  • Elements germanium, tin and lead - characteristics and preparation and the most important vehicles and uses
  • Oxygen and sulfur clique (Galkojinat) - elements and attributes of existence and ways to get it - peroxides
  • Coterie halogens - Introduction - presence - and ways to be separated - and qualities - acids halogenated and halogen Alaoxi
  • Coterie noble gases - General characteristics - its vehicles - uses.
  • Symmetry: the importance of symmetry in chemistry, symmetry operations, illustrative examples.
  1. Inorganic Chemistry III ( Experiment Assignments)
  • General introduction to writing chemical equations and weighted the most important calculations used at this stage
  • Prepare alum / 1
  • Detection alum / 2
  • Set the concentration of H2O2
  • Purifying salt (NaCl)
  • Measuring the acidity of fruits
  • Study of some barium peroxide reactions
  • Oxygen and sulfur
  • Prepare BaO2
  • Prepare KIO4
  • Prepare copper iodate
  • Prepare a complex of iron / 1
  • Detection of complex iron / 2
  • Determination of hardness of water
  1. Inorganic chemistry V

Course Description (Determining and estimating the mechanism of reactions. Substitution  reactions. Oxidation and reduction  reactions.  Chemical catalysis

  • Introduction about mechanism of inorganic complexes reactions .              
  • Preparation and reactions of Inorganic complexes
  • Stability of Inorganic complexes
  • Factors affecting stability of Inorganic complexes
  • mechanism of Inorganic complexes reactions
  • Factors affecting rate of chemical reactions
  • Substitution Reactions of octahedral complexes
  • Substitution Reactions of octahedral complexes
  • Substitution Reactions of tetrahedral complexes
  • Substitution Reactions of square planer complexes
  • Oxidation and Reduction reactions for Inorganic complexes
  • Outer Sphere reactions
  • Inner Sphere reactions
  • Distortion in octahedral complexes
  • Preparation of inorganic complexes by using catalyst reactions
  1. Inorganic chemistry V ( Experiment Assignments)
  • Laboratory safety
  • Preparation of
  • [Ni(NH3)6]Cl2 complexe
  • Preparation of Cis [Cr(C2O4)2(H2O)2]
  • Preparation of Trans [Cr(C2O4)2(H2O)2]
  • Preparation of [CuI2]
  • Preparation of Al(C2O4)3].3H2O   
  • Tris thio urea copper (І) sulphate
  • Preparation of chloro penta amine cobalt(II)
  • Preparation of Na[Fe(CO3)3].3H2O
  • Preparation of K [Cr(C2O4)3]
  • Bis [Cu(en)2]2H2O
  • [Co(CO)3]3H2O
  • [Co(NH3)6]Cl3
  • [Cu(C2O4)2]2H2O
  • Preparation of Potassium Trisoxalato ferrate(III) Trihydrate
  1. Inorganic chemistry I

Course Description(This is theoretical course designed to describe and explain the historical development of atomic structure . it reviews various model about the structure of atom and how these models related to some aspects of atom . the course further provide understanding of the dual property of the electron and how this leads to the quantum mechanical model of atomic structure , Furthermore , the pattern of electron distribution in atom will be explained as well as how to specify a particular electron in an atom)

  • Atomic structure Dalton, Thomson, and Rutherford atomic models
  • Quantum theory, Electromagnetic radiation, Photoelectric effect
  • Black body
  • Weins law, Stefan Boltzman law
  • Atomic spectra, Emission spectra, Absorption spectra, Hydrogen atom spectra
  • Bohr atomic model , Application Bohr theory on atomic similar Hydrogen
  • Somerfield theory, Zeeman effect, effect of spin electron, Quantum number , physical description of atomic orbitals
  • Wave mechanics, Uncertainty principle, Schrodinger Equation, Similar orbitals, non Similar orbitals
  • The Arrangement of electrons in atoms , Pauli exclusion principle , Hund rule
  • Periodic table of elements - metallic and non-metallic properties,Periodic properties of elements ionization Energy , sheilding
  • Rules for Slater, Term symbols, examples
  • Electron affinity, electronegativity
  • Methods of Calculation of Electronegativity, Method of Melican, Paulenk Method
  1. Spectrophotometric method of analysis ( First semester )

Course Description (Describe the absorption of radiation by molecules and its relation to molecular structure

Make quantitative calculations, beer law, and the type of instrumentations and its principle, types, and application)

  • Introduction to instrumental analysis; the electromagnetic radiation and its spectrum regions
  • Types of spectrometric processes; Absorption, emission, diffraction..
  • Components of optical instruments
  • Calibration of instrumental methods
  • Beer law
  • Ultraviolet-Visible Spectrophotometry
  • Infrared Spectrophotometry
  • Application of Ultraviolet-Visible and Infrared Spectrophotometry
  • Atomic absorption Spectrophotometry
  • Atomic Emission Spectrophotometry
  • Molecular Photoluminescence
  • Spectroscopy
  • Turbidimetry and Nephelometry
  • x-ray, principle, types, application
  • x-ray, principle, types, application
  1. Non – aqueous Chemistry (First semester)

Course Description (General introduction to Non–aqueous chemistry. Classification of  Non–aqueous solvents. Solvent effect. Reactions  of acid and base in Non–aqueous solvents.  Titration of acid and base in Non–aqueous solvents)

  • A general introduction to non–aqueous chemistry, its applications
  • Classification of non–aqueous solvents
  • Classification of non–aqueous solvents
  • The role of the solvents in reactions
  • Effect of acidity or basicity
  • of the solvent on solute
  • behavior
  • Effect of dielectric constant on the solutes behavior
  • Solvent-based definitions of acids and bases
  • donor and receptor acids and bases
  • Reactions of acid and base in non–aqueous solvents
  • Acid - bases titration in non–aqueous solvents
  • Solvents for non–aqueous titration
  • Conditions of solvent for non–aqueous titration
  • End point detection in non–aqueous titration
  • Application of non–aqueous titration
  • Some molecular solvents
  1. Organic chemistry III (First semester)

Course Description (Study of the stereochemistry.Study of the preparation and reactions of stereoisomers.Study of the stereochemistry of cycloalkanes)

  • Stereochemistry (I)
  • Introduction in Stereochemistry.
  • Stereoisomers(Enantiomers, Diastereomers).
  • Specification of configuration (R,S) Sequence rules.
  • Sawhorse, Fischer, and Newman projection formulas.
  • Optically Active of due to impede rotation-Biphenyl system, Specification of configuration (E,Z) alkenes
  • Stereochemistry (II)
  • Preparation of Stereoisomers.
  • Reactions of Stereoisomers.
  • Optical purity, The racemic modification resolution.
  • Stereochemistry of addition to alkenes: syn and anti-addition.
  • Stereo chemistry of SN1/SN2 Reaction
  • Stereochemistry of elimination reaction: E1 and E2 elimination.
  • Stereochemistry of Cycloalkanes:- Conformation and Stability of Cycloalkanes.
  • Chair, boat conformation and equatorial and axial bonds in cyclohexane.
  • Conformations of monosubstituted and disubstituted of cyclohexane.
  • Optical activity, Specification of configuration (R, S) cycloalkane.

 

  1. Organic chemistry III ( Experiment Assignments)
  • Esterification - Preparation of Ethylbenzoate
  • Restore of Benzoic acid from Ethylbenzoate
  • Purification of Benzoic acid and melting Point
  • Preparation of α-naphthyl acetate
  • Acetylation - Preparation of Acetanilide
  • Purification of Acetanilide and melting Point
  • Nitration – Preparation of Nitrobenzene
  • Preparation of p-Nitro acetanilide
  • Purification of p-Nitro acetanilide and melting Point
  • Preparation of p-Nitroanilide
  • Purification of p-Nitro anilide and melting Point
  • Diazonium Salt - Preparation of p-(phenylazo)phenol
  • Purification of p-(phenylazo) phenol and melting Point
  • Preparation of α-(phenylazo)-1-naphthol
  • Purification of α-(phenylazo)-1-naphthol and melting Point

 

  1. Identification of organic compounds (Fourth Year – First semester )

Course Description (The course describes using UV, FT-IR, 1HNMR, 13NMR, DEPT Mass spectrums to identify the structure of organic molecules)

  • Introductory meeting is involved a general introduction about the course.
  • UV and Visible Spectroscopy: Introduction to Electronic transitions Spectral Measurements, Effect of solvent on electronic transitions.
  • UV and Visible Spectroscopy: Important terms and definitions in UV-Visible spectroscopy, Ultra Violet bands of carbonyl, unsaturated carbonyl, conjugated polyene and aromatic.
  • FT-Infrared spectroscopy: Introduction to IR absorption, Types of vibrations, Modes of molecular vibrations, Characteristic group vibrations of organic molecules.
  • FT-Infrared spectroscopy: Factors affecting on group vibrational frequencies and peak shapes.
  • FT-Infrared spectroscopy: Interpretation of samples of IR spectrums of organic molecules.               
  • Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy: Introduction to nuclear magnetic resonance NMR phenomenon, Principle of 1H-NMR (proton spin),
  • Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy: The chemical shift and spin – spin coupling, Factors influencing chemical-shift and spin-spin coupling.
  • Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy: Interpretation of 1HNMR spectrums of organic molecules.
  • Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy: Principles and introduction to DEPT and 13C-NMR.
  • Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy: Interpretation of 13CNMR and DEPT spectrums of organic compounds.
  • Mass spectrometry: Introduction, ion production mechanisms, rules of fragmentation, fragmentations of different functional groups, factors controlling fragmentation.
  • Mass spectrometry: Analysis and interpretation of Mass spectrums
  1. Physical chemistry

Course Description (Study of electrolysis applications on Faraday laws, Theories of electrolytic conductance  - the theory of Arrenius and  Debye – Huckel, study of conductomertic titrations and molar conductance of ions , applications on electrolytic conductance , Classification  of cell , changes of enthalpy and entropy , the relationship between ∆G and ∆E , Classification  of electrodes)

  • Electrolysis - Faraday laws - applications on Faraday laws
  • Electrolytic conductance - types -  constant cell
  • Theories of electrolytic conductance - the theory of Arrenius
  • Kohlrausch law from independent migration of ion and  Ostwald law. 
  • Modification Onsager equation,      in complete dissociation   and the degree of dissociation
  • Transition ionic- Transference Number – Hitterf method - Ionic mobility from each .hydrogen and hydroxyl
  • Debye-Huckel theory -Asymmetry effect and Electrophoretic effect
  • Walden's Rule ,Application of electrical chemistry in electrolysis - Find  constant  equilibrium for a weak acid- Determine solubility  of sparingly soluble salts- Determination of ionic  product water.  
  • Titration by measuring the electrical conductivity – Calibration of acids and bases and titration deposition - Calculate the equilibrium constant from measurements of electromotive force
  • Classification of cell according to different potential half cell and connect half cell
  • Classification of the electrodes- Gas electrode –Amalgam electrode - and  Redox electrodes – Metal / insoluble salt electrode -Metal/ metal oxide electrode -Non-metal electrode and Non-gas electrode
  • The relationship between potential and concentration, "Nernst equation - applications Nernst equation to calculate the potential electrode 
  • Type of electrochemical cells-Reversible and irreversible cells-Reference electrode –The hydrogen electrode- The Calomel electrode Calculate potential galvanic cell -applications to the detriment cell potential 
  • Determine pH solutions - Calculate change of Entropy ,Enthalpy and ∆G   conductomertic titration 
  • Electrodes in clued The hydrogen electrode- The Antimone electrode – The Quinhydrone electrode and glass electrode
  1. Physical chemistry ( Experiment Assignments)
  • Conductomertic titrations between acid strong base strong .
  • Conductomertic titrations mixture two acids (hydrochloric acid and acetic acid) versus a strong base .
  • Molar conductivity of strong electrolyte
  • Study the relationship between equivalent conductivity and concentration strong electrolyte
  • Study rate saponification Ethyl acetate by using electrical conductivity
  • Conductomertic titrations between acid weak against the weak base
  • Study molar conductivity of weak electrolyte
  • Titrations strong  acid with a strong base using pH meter
  • Titrations a weak acid with a strong base using pH meter
  • Connection of Daniell cells
  • Find connectivity unknown concentration of strong electrolytes and calculate constant cell
  • Determination solubility of sparingly soluble salts  .
  • Calculation reduction potentials and electrodes of the cells at different temperatures
  1. Physical chemistry I (first semester)

Course Description (The first course includes four parts: the first part Gases and its laws. The second part is thermodynamic science that deal with thermodynamic terms, zeroth and first laws of thermodynamics, the three part heat capacities, enthalpy, the four part thermochemistry)

  • Introdiction, units of measurments, quanties of physical
  • Gases states, the properties of gases the gas laws
  • Mixture of gases, paltons law, The Real gases, graham law
  • Kinetice molecular theory of gase
  • Condensation of gases and critical state
  • Molecular collision and mean free path and viscosity
  • Thermodynamic, zero law of thermodynamic, the basic concepts
  • The first law of thermodynamic effect of the work on systems physical
  • Kinds of the Thermodynamic processes colarimetry and heat capacities enthalpy
  • Calculation of work in isotherm processes
  • Heat capacity,laws of rerersible adiabatic processes
  • Joul experiment, joul and thomson experiment
  • Thermochemistry , heat of chemical reaction, types of enthalpy
  • Hese law and bond energies
  • Depend enthalpy on temperature (Kirchhoffs law)

 

  1. Physical chemistry I ( Experiment Assignments)
  • An overview of the first semester experiments
  • Pycnometric determination of liquid density
  • Viscosity measurement
  • Study the variation of the vapor pressure of pure liquid with temperature and determine the heat of vaporization and trouten’s rule constant
  • Refractive index
  • Determine of molecular weight of non-volatile solutes by boiling- point elevation
  • Determine of molecular weight of non- voltaic solutes by freezing point depression
  • Victor Meyer method Dumas method
  • The vapor pressure of a pure liquid as a function of temperature dynamic method
  • Determination of the curve for the mutual solubility ability of phenol and water
  • Determination of the graph for ideal phasel( ethanol-petrol-water)
  • Study of the distribution of succinic acid between water and ether.
  • Study the association of benzoic acid from its distribution between benzene and water
  • Variation of the surface tension of a liquid with temperature
  • Heat of neutralization
  1. Polymers

Course Description (The course describes of polymers, Types of polymers and their classification)

  • Introduction and General principles about polymers chemistry
  • Factors affecting polymer properties / polymer nomenclature/ Polymers source
  • Molecular weight of polymer – Molecular forces- intra and inter
  • Types of polymers and their classification
  • Chain Growth polymerization (addition polymers) / free radical polymerization and mechanism /initiation
  • Chain Growth polymerization (addition polymers) / Cationic polymerization and mechanism /initiation
  • Chain Growth polymerization (addition polymers) / Anionic polymerization and mechanism /initiation
  • Condensation or step- Growth polymerization
  • Nylon 66 / Dacron/ poly ester
  • Condensation or step- Growth polymerization
  • Novolak / phenol- formaldehyde Resins
  • Condensation or step- Growth polymerization
  • Epoxy Resins / Resoles/ polyurethanes
  • addition polymers/ Low density polyethelene and high density
  • Copolymerization / preparation of Condensation Copolymers
  • Determination of the reactivity ratio
  • Coordination polymers general information
  • Coordination polymers / Ziegler- Natta polymers
  1. Quantum chemistry - First semester
  • Introduction
  • Mathematic fundamental and physical,
  • Function , Complex umber, operators, Eigen value equation
  • coordinate system
  • classical mechanics, conservative system, Newton’s laws of motion, Laqrange Equation, Hamilton’s Equation,
  • The origin of quantum theory Black – body radiation
  • Heat capacities solids, Debye theory
  • photoelectric effect,
  • Compton effect, Einstein explain,Heisnberg uncertainty principle.
  • Atomic spectra, Hydrogen atomic spectra,
  • Bohr theory
  • Quantum mechanics,
  • Schrodinger Equation,
  • Properties for wave function
  • Postulates of quantum mechanics
  • Hermetion Properties
  • Schrodinger Equation application , Free particle , Particle in box
  • Particle out pute the box
  • Approximation methods in Quantum chemistry Variation methods perturbation methods
  1. General Biology

Course Description(Life chemistry, Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cell, Cellular organelles,  Essential bio reactions in the cell)

  • Introduction of Biology
  • Life Chemistry
  • The Cell
  • Evolution
  • Transportation across membrane
  • Cytoplasm
  • Cytoplasm and Golgi apparatus
  • Mitochondria
  • Plastids and ribosomes
  • Protein and gene regulation
  • Operon
  • Interaction between Nucleus and cytoplasm
  • Cell cycle
  • Cellular genetics
  •  
  1. General Biology ( Experiment Assignments)
  • Calibration of microscope
  • Plant Cell Wall
  • Cell types
  • Plastids
  • vacuoles
  • Mitochondria and Choloroplast
  • Crystals types
  • Kill and Fix of biosamples
  • Mitosis
  • Preparation of cell slides during mitosis
  • meiosis
  • Exam
  • Giant Chromosome
  • Examples of bacterial Cell
  • Permanent fixation of biosamples